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Vitamins

[Vitamin]: noun from Latin vita (life) and amino.
Organic substance essential to the growth and maintenance of the vital equilibrium of the body, which cannot produce it itself.
They must be drawn from external sources: environment, food, supplementation, etc.

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Vitamin B is the energizing vitamin. It enables us to transform sugars and fat into energy.

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Vitamin A is the vision vitamin. It also acts against the ageing of the skin.

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Vitamin K is essential for blood coagulation.

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Vitamin C plays an anti-fatigue role and promotes strengthening of the immune defences.

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Vitamin E is an antioxidant, it protects against ageing of the skin.

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Vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin. It enables the fixation of calcium in the bones.

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The Vitamin B12 has painkiller, anti-allergic and antidepressant properties.

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Vitamins are divided into two categories which correspond to a difference in their absorption mechanism and their behaviour inside of our bodies.

The water-soluble vitamins

These are the vitamins C and the vitamins of the B group, with the exception of vitamin B12. These are the water soluble vitamins, meaning that they are soluble in water. Our body needs them on a daily basis, it will therefore extract them from our food and food supplements. Since it is unable to store them, the excess will be eliminated through all the water that is excreted from our bodies (sweat, urine, breathing, etc.). It is therefore essential to have a daily intake adapted to your needs.

The fat-soluble vitamins

In contrast to water soluble vitamins, they can be stored by the body in fat and some organs such as the liver. These are vitamins A, D, E, K and vitamin B12. Our bodies will draw from their reserves the quantity of vitamin needed to meet our daily needs. We all have our own storage capacity in our bodies, it is important to refill it without exceeding it because the surplus will be stored in other organs which is not their function.