Insomnia, jet lag
What is Melatonin
Melatonin, often named sleep hormone, is a hormone produced by the pineal gland in the brain.
The secretion of melatonin is stimulated in the absence of light, its production is high between 2am and 5am. Thus, the brain is informed of the durations of hours of darkness and lighting on a daily cycle. By secreting melatonin, the pineal gland informs the brain that it is the night and that it is the right time to sleep.
Benefits of Melatonin
- Often referred to as a repairer, sleep is an essential mechanism for the proper functioning of our body. Naturally produced by the body when it's dark, Melatonin is known to promote sleep.
- In particular, it makes it possible to reduce the time of falling asleep.
- It can also be used to mitigate the effects of jet lag or sleep disturbances that can be experienced by people working on rotating schedules.
- Melatonin appears to have multiple non-hormonal functions, particularly as an antioxidant. It plays a special role in the protection of nuclear DNA and in mitochondrial DNA. It also seems to play a role in the immune system.